Inani lezokwelapha lezilwane zasendle liphansi futhi ingozi iphakeme. Ukuthuthukiswa kwemikhiqizo yamakhambi nokwenziwa kungasiza ekuxazululeni inkinga embonini

“Sekukonke, kunezinhlobo eziyi-12,807 zezinto zokwelapha zaseChina nezinhlobo eziyi-1,581 zemithi yezilwane, ezibala cishe u-12%. Phakathi kwalezi zinsiza, izinhlobo eziyi-161 zezilwane zasendle zisengozini. Phakathi kwazo, uphondo lukabhejane, ithambo lengwe, imusk kanye nebhere powder kubhekwa njengezinto zokwelapha ezingavamile zezilwane zasendle. ” Inani lezilwane zasendle ezisengcupheni yokushabalala, njengama-pangolin, ama-tiger nezingwe, lehle kakhulu ngenxa yokufunwa kwemithi yokwelapha, kusho uDkt Sun Quanhui, usosayensi we-World Animal Protection Society, engqungqutheleni yochwepheshe be- “Medicine” ngo-2020 Eyobuntu ”ngoNovemba 26.

Eminyakeni yamuva nje, kuqhutshwa ukuhwebelana kwamazwe omhlaba kanye nezintshisekelo zezentengiselwano, izilwane zasendle ezingavamile nezisengozini yokulwa ngokuvamile zibhekene nengcindezi enkulu yokusinda, futhi ukufunwa okukhulu kwemithi yendabuko kungesinye sezizathu ezibalulekile zokuqothulwa kwazo.

"Imiphumela yokwelashwa kwezilwane zasendle empeleni seqiwe," kusho uSun. Esikhathini esedlule, izilwane zasendle kwakungelula ukuzithola, ngakho-ke izinto zokwelapha zazimbalwa uma kuqhathaniswa, kodwa lokho kwakungasho ukuthi imiphumela yazo yokwelapha yayingumlingo. Ezinye izimangalo ezingekho emthethweni zivame ukusebenzisa ukuntuleka kwemithi yezilwane zasendle njengendawo yokuthengisa, kudukisa abathengi ukuthi bathenge imikhiqizo ehambisanayo, engagcini nje ngokuqinisa ukuzingela nokuzala kwezilwane zasendle, kepha futhi kuqhubekisela phambili isidingo sezilwane zasendle zokwelapha.

Ngokwalo mbiko, izinto zokwelapha zaseChina zibandakanya amakhambi, imithi yezimbiwa kanye nemithi yezilwane, phakathi kwayo imithi yamakhambi ibala cishe amaphesenti angama-80, okusho ukuthi imiphumela eminingi yemithi yezilwane zasendle ingashintshwa yimithi ehlukahlukene yamaShayina. Ezikhathini zasendulo, imithi yezilwane zasendle yayingatholakali kalula, ngakho yayingasetshenziswa kabanzi noma ingafakwa ezindleleni eziningi zokupheka ezivamile. Izinkolelo zabantu abaningi ngemithi yezilwane zasendle zibangelwa "ukuntuleka kuyigugu" okungaqondakali kokuthi umuthi uyivelakancane, usebenza ngempumelelo futhi ubaluleke kakhulu.

Ngenxa yalomqondo wabathengi, abantu basazimisele ukukhokha imali ethe xaxa ngemikhiqizo yasendle yasendle ngoba bakholelwa ukuthi ingcono kunezilwane ezifuywayo, kwesinye isikhathi lapho izilwane zasendle ezifuywayo sezivele zikhona emakethe ngenhloso yokwelapha. Ngakho-ke, ukuthuthukiswa kwemboni yokulima izilwane zasendle engeke ikwenze lokho ngeke izivikele ngempela izinhlobo zezilwane ezisengozini futhi kuzokwenyusa nesidingo sezilwane zasendle. Kuphela ngokunciphisa isidingo sokusetshenziswa kwezilwane zasendle lapho singanikeza ukuvikelwa okuphumelela kakhulu kwezilwane zasendle ezisengozini.

I-China ihlale ikunaka ukubaluleka okukhulu ekuvikelweni kwezilwane zasendle ezisengozini yokwelapha. Ohlwini lwezinto zokwelapha zasendle ngaphansi kokuvikelwa kokhiye wombuso, izinhlobo eziyi-18 zezilwane ezelaphayo ngaphansi kokuvikelwa kokhiye wombuso zibhalwe ngokusobala, futhi zihlukaniswe zaba yizinto zokwelapha zesigaba sokuqala nezesigaba sesibili. Ezinhlotsheni ezahlukahlukene zemithi yezilwane zasendle, izindlela zokusetshenziswa nokuvikelwa kwezinto zokwelapha zesigaba I no-Class II nazo ziyabekwa.

Ngasekuqaleni kuka-1993, iChina yavimbela ukuhweba nokusetshenziswa kwezokwelapha kophondo lukabhejane nethambo lengwe, futhi yasusa izinto zokwelapha ezihlobene nazo e-pharmacopoeia. I-Bear bile isuswe kwi-pharmacopoeia ngo-2006, kwathi i-pangolin yasuswa kuhlobo lwakamuva lwango-2020. Ngemuva kwe-COVID-19, iNational People's Congress (NPC) ithathe isinqumo sokubukeza umthetho we-Wildlife Protection of the People's Republic of China. (PRC) okwesibili. Ngaphezu kokuvimbela ukusetshenziswa kwezilwane zasendle, kuzoqinisa ukuvinjelwa komqedazwe kanye nokugcinwa komthetho embonini yezemithi yasendle.

Futhi ezinkampanini zemithi, ayikho inzuzo ekukhiqizeni nasekuthengiseni imithi nemikhiqizo yezempilo equkethe izithako ezivela ezilwaneni zasendle ezisengozini. Okokuqala, kunempikiswano enkulu ngokusetshenziswa kwezilwane zasendle ezisengozini njengomuthi. Okwesibili, ukufinyelela okungagunyaziwe kwezinto zokusetshenziswa kuholela kukhwalithi engazinzile yezinto zokusetshenziswa; Okwesithathu, kunzima ukufeza ukukhiqizwa okulinganiselwe; Okwesine, ukusetshenziswa kwama-antibiotic nezinye izidakamizwa enqubweni yokulima kwenza kube nzima ukuqinisekisa ikhwalithi yezinto zokusetshenziswa zezilwane zasendle ezisengozini. Konke lokhu kuletha ubungozi obukhulu ethembeni lemakethe lamabhizinisi ahlobene.

Ngokusho kombiko othi "Impact of Abandoning endangerangered Products on Companies" ekhishwe yiWorld Society for the Protection of Animals and Pricewaterhousecoopers, isixazululo esingaba khona ukuthi izinkampani zingathuthukisa futhi zihlolisise imikhiqizo yamakhambi nokwenziwa ukuze kushintshwe imikhiqizo yezilwane zasendle esengozini. Lokhu akugcini ngokunciphisa kakhulu ubungozi bebhizinisi, kepha futhi kwenza ukusebenza kwebhizinisi kube okusimeme ngokwengeziwe. Njengamanje, esikhundleni sezilwane zasendle ezisengozini yokusebenzisa umuthi, njengamathambo engwe yokufakelwa, imiski yokufakelwa nenyongo yebhere yokufakelwa, kuthengisiwe noma kwenziwa uvivinyo lomtholampilo.

I-Bear bile ingenye yamakhambi asetshenziswa kakhulu ezilwane zasendle ezisengozini. Kodwa-ke, ucwaningo lukhombisile ukuthi izinhlobonhlobo zamakhambi aseChina zingathatha indawo yebhere. Kungumkhuba ongenakugwemeka ekukhuleni okuzayo komkhakha wemithi ukunikela ngezilwane zasendle futhi uhlole ngenkuthalo umuthi wamakhambi nemikhiqizo yokwenziwa yokufakelwa. Amabhizinisi afanele kufanele ahambisane nenqubomgomo kazwelonke yokuvikela izilwane zasendle ezisengozini yokwelapha, anciphise ukuncika kwazo ezilwaneni zasendle ezisengozini yokwelapha, futhi aqhubeke nokukhulisa amandla azo okuthuthuka okusimeme ngenkathi evikela izilwane zasendle ezisengozini yokwelapha ngokuguqulwa kwezimboni kanye nobuchwepheshe obusha.


Isikhathi Iposi: Jul-27-2021